BlackBoxFacade(scenario, target_function, *)


class smac.facade.blackbox_facade.BlackBoxFacade(scenario, target_function, *, model=None, acquisition_function=None, acquisition_maximizer=None, initial_design=None, random_design=None, intensifier=None, multi_objective_algorithm=None, runhistory_encoder=None, config_selector=None, logging_level=None, callbacks=[], overwrite=False, dask_client=None)[source]

Bases: AbstractFacade

static get_acquisition_function(scenario, *, xi=0.0)[source]

Returns an Expected Improvement acquisition function.

  • scenario (Scenario) –

  • xi (float, defaults to 0.0) – Controls the balance between exploration and exploitation of the acquisition function.

Return type:


static get_acquisition_maximizer(scenario, *, challengers=1000, local_search_iterations=10)[source]

Returns local and sorted random search as acquisition maximizer.

  • challengers (int, defaults to 1000) – Number of challengers.

  • local_search_iterations (int, defaults to 10) – Number of local search iterations.

Return type:


static get_initial_design(scenario, *, n_configs=None, n_configs_per_hyperparamter=8, max_ratio=0.25, additional_configs=[])[source]

Returns a Sobol design instance.

  • scenario (Scenario) –

  • n_configs (int | None, defaults to None) – Number of initial configurations (disables the arguments n_configs_per_hyperparameter).

  • n_configs_per_hyperparameter (int, defaults to 8) – Number of initial configurations per hyperparameter. For example, if my configuration space covers five hyperparameters and n_configs_per_hyperparameter is set to 10, then 50 initial configurations will be samples.

  • max_ratio (float, defaults to 0.25) – Use at most scenario.n_trials * max_ratio number of configurations in the initial design. Additional configurations are not affected by this parameter.

  • additional_configs (list[Configuration], defaults to []) – Adds additional configurations to the initial design.

Return type:


static get_intensifier(scenario, *, max_config_calls=3, max_incumbents=20)[source]

Returns Intensifier as intensifier. Uses the default configuration for race_against.

  • scenario (Scenario) –

  • max_config_calls (int, defaults to 3) – Maximum number of configuration evaluations. Basically, how many instance-seed keys should be evaluated at maximum for a configuration.

  • max_incumbents (int, defaults to 10) – How many incumbents to keep track of in the case of multi-objective.

Return type:


static get_kernel(scenario)[source]

Returns a kernel for the Gaussian Process surrogate model.

The kernel is a composite of kernels depending on the type of hyperparameters: categorical (HammingKernel), continuous (Matern), and noise kernels (White).

Return type:


static get_model(scenario, *, model_type=None, kernel=None)[source]

Returns a Gaussian Process surrogate model.

  • scenario (Scenario) –

  • model_type (str | None, defaults to None) – Which Gaussian Process model should be chosen. Choose between vanilla and mcmc.

  • kernel (kernels.Kernel | None, defaults to None) – The kernel used in the surrogate model.


model – The instantiated gaussian process.

Return type:

GaussianProcess | MCMCGaussianProcess

static get_multi_objective_algorithm(scenario, *, objective_weights=None)[source]

Returns the mean aggregation strategy for the multi-objective algorithm.

  • scenario (Scenario) –

  • objective_weights (list[float] | None, defaults to None) – Weights for averaging the objectives in a weighted manner. Must be of the same length as the number of objectives.

Return type:


static get_random_design(scenario, *, probability=0.08447232371720552)[source]

Returns ProbabilityRandomDesign for interleaving configurations.


probability (float, defaults to 0.08447232371720552) – Probability that a configuration will be drawn at random.

Return type:


static get_runhistory_encoder(scenario)[source]

Returns the default runhistory encoder.

Return type: